Skip to main content
Professor in the Department of Biosciences+44 (0) 191 33 41346


The ability of the brain to change the pattern of sympathetic activity to the heart and selected vascular beds is crucial to an animal's survival and is the basis of cardiovascular homeostasis. Underlying this differential activation is a topographical organisation of neurones related to function within the brain nuclei responsible for cardiovascular regulation. My work combines neuroanatomical and immunocytochemical methods to map and characterise the neurones underpinning the differential activation of the autonomic nervous system.
Sympathetic preganglionic neurones (labelled with cholera B horeradish peroxidase) in the intermediolateral cell column of the rat spinal cord.

Research interests

  • Cardiovascular regulation and neuroanatomy
  • Tracing studies and immunocytochemical analysis of brain regions involved in cardiovascular regulation


Journal Article