Skip to main content

Binchester Roman Fort

A research project of the Department of Archaeology.


The Roman fort at Binchester lies above the River Wear just outside the historic town of Bishop Auckland (Co Durham). Known to the Romans as Vinovia, it commanded the main road that ran from the legionary headquarters at York northwards to Hadrian's Wall. It formed a key element of the complex frontier system that lay both sides of the Wall that marked the northern-most edge of the Roman Empire for nearly four hundred years. The fort itself was built to house a cavalry regiment in the early years of Roman control in Northern England. It housed troops from across the Empire, including Spain and Germany. It was not just a military site, a thriving civilian settlement (vicus) grew up at its gates. Today traces of the Roman ramparts and road can still be seen, and the remains of the commander's house have been uncovered. These contain the best-preserved Roman bathhouse in Britain.

Project Details

Between 2009 - 2017, working alongside Durham County Council, Texas Tech University, and the Archaeological and Architectural Society of Durham and Northumberland we excavated three trenches at the site, one in the fort, one in the vicus and one in a late cemetery. These investigations uncovered substantial remains dating to the late Roman period, including a barrack block, a latrine and parts of an impressively well-preserved bath-house and significant assemblages of faunal remains, pottery and other artefacts. Major finds include the stone head of a Roman god and two stone altars. A major campaign of geophysical survey in the immediate hinterland of the site has revealed extensive Roman activity across the gravel plateau on which Binchester stands. The excavation was funded by Durham University, Durham County Council, Stanford University, English Heritage, and the Roman Research Trust.

The excavation stage of the project has reached completion – and a team from the Department of Archaeology at Durham, together with specialists from around the country, are actively working on the post-excavation analysis of this important site. The final results will be published in 2027.

Did you excavate with us at Binchester? Reminisce about those sunny days way back when with our blog

Two archaeologists standing within a room of an excavated building

Aerial view of stone buildings and road within the vicus

Published Results

Journal Article

Petts, David (2013). Military and Civilian: Reconfiguring the end of Roman Britain in the North. European Journal of Archaeology 16(2): 314-335.

Staff from the Department of Archaeology